Part 1: Research.

Brightbill and Mobley’s (1977) treatise on modern-day leisure informs of a time when the United States’ cultural identity in terms of leisure began to crystallize, being distilled from the immigrants and migrants who flooded the big cities and the post-Puritanical mores that loosened as the population moved further away geographically. Here they lament the fact that “[t]oo many schools are still educating for work” (p. 117) and the arts are exalted as a means of improving one’s self and enriching the culture: “If culture depends on income, we still have millions of low-income families. If culture depends on education, we are short thousands of schools, tens of thousands of classrooms, and competent teachers, from kindergarten through college” (Brightbill & Mobley, 1977, p. 60).

Part 2: Reflect.

Growing up in a household of immigrants from the former Yugoslavia, culture and our place in society as a family had a profound effect of how education was viewed. I was not groomed to go to college, rather to take my role in the work force (or if we’re being really truthful, to find a husband and have a family but that’s a discussion for another forum). I worked for a good fifteen years before deciding to join academia and I haven’t left since. I have been able to see education for what it is in my discipline of leisure studies: the enriching of one’s self to become a better citizen (Pieper, 1952). Society influences education by creating mores as described by Brightbill & Mobley (1977) as well as Pieper (1952) who describes leisure as the basis of culture. Being educated can actually alienate one from those who pride themselves on being from the working class. Indeed, anecdotal evidence has proven to me repeatedly that the working class even resent those with degrees.


Brightbill, C. K., & Mobley, T. A. (1977). Educating for leisure-centered living. Second edition. John Wiley & Sons.

Pieper, J. (1952). Leisure, the basis of culture. Pantheon Books.

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Part 1

Culture in the U.S.A Public School Curriculum

Kong (2011) discusses religion in elementary schools and how most people do not understand the importance of faith in our education system.  Because cultures have different religions, it is essential that teachers and students understand their peers and where they derive from.  He says it is necessary to know when to teach religion and incorporate it into the curriculum and what courses it is okay to intertwine faith (Kong, 2011).  He concluded that if religion is left out of schools, it will make students think it is not an essential subject and that our “world is religion-free” (Kong, 2011, p.520).

  1. Kong, “Culture in the U.S.A public school curriculum — Issues of religion in elementary education,” 2011 IEEE 3rd International Conference on Communication Software and Networks, 2011, pp. 516-520, doi: 10.1109/ICCSN.2011.6013884

Part 2

Culture and society influence education because children and adults learn and follow what they see, experience, and are taught.  “The Education implemented in domiciliary, school, and society can influence and form one’s morality” (Zulfani, 2019, p.561).  Culture, curriculum, and learning cultures do vary depending on the region and location.  Suppose a district is teaching a curriculum about cultures that do not derive in that school. In that case, the students are not benefiting because they are not familiar or do not have experience with what is being taught to them.  The curriculum should be diverse and center around the types of diversity they are in contact with every day.

Culture and society positively influence education because it offers “beautiful experiences” and provides “people with emotional and intellectual intelligence” (The Freeman Online, 2020, para.3).  When people express who they are and where they come from freely, they maintain a positive behavior within the community they live.  When those who live in or attend a school where teachers are negative about cultures, it will negatively affect the student and their families.  They begin to form negative attitudes about the community they live in because of one person who is not culturally diverse.


(2020, February 7). How does culture influence behavior? The Freeman Online.,Its%20full%20impact%20is%20what%20we%20cannot%20overlook (Links to an external site.).

Y. Kong, “Culture in the U.S.A public school curriculum — Issues of religion in elementary education,” 2011 IEEE 3rd International Conference on Communication Software and Networks, 2011, pp. 516-520, doi: 10.1109/ICCSN.2011.6013884

Zulfani Sesmiarni. (2019). The Effective Moral Education on Early Childhood As an Effort Against Immoral. Culture. Jurnal Obsesi3(2), 561–569. https://doi-org.proxy- (Links to an external site.)

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